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How to Plan & Save Income Tax in FY 2023-24

As we step into the new financial year 2023-2024, it's the perfect time to start preparing for your income taxes to make the filing process smooth and stress-free. By keeping your financial matters organized and staying informed about the latest tax rules, you can maximize your tax benefits without unnecessary hassle. In this article, we will explore effective tax-saving strategies for individuals in India during the fiscal year 2023-2024.

Old Regime: Unlock Your Savings Potential

The old tax regime offers numerous opportunities for tax breaks and deductions, allowing you to reduce the portion of your income that is subject to taxation. By wisely investing your income in the tax-saving options we will discuss, you can significantly lower your tax liability. Before we dive into these strategies, it's important to note that these strategies are applicable only under the old tax regime.


Salary Deductions and Exemptions: A Clear Overview

To reduce your income tax effectively, utilize deductions and exemptions. Here's a precise summary of key provisions offering deduction opportunities:

  1. House Rent Allowance (HRA)

  2. Leave Travel Allowance (LTA)

  3. Section 80C: Claim deductions up to Rs 1.5 lakh for various expenses and investments.

  4. Section 80CCD(1B): An additional deduction of Rs. 50,000 available for National Pension System (NPS) investments.

Strategic Deduction Utilization (80C & 80D)

80C Deduction

Strategically manage your taxable income with Section 80C for investments and expenditures up to Rs 1.5 lakh. This includes:

  1. PPF Contributions

  2. Life Insurance Premiums

  3. Tuition Fees

  4. Home Loan Principal Repayments

Points to be noted:

  • Section 80C offers deductions up to Rs. 1.5 lakh, covering investments like PPF, NSC, Fixed Deposits, and Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana.

  • Additionally, Section 80D allows deductions up to Rs 25,000 for health insurance premiums, with an extra Rs. 50,000 for covering senior citizen parents.

  • NPS (Section 80CCD(1B)): Deduct up to Rs. 50,000 beyond Section 80C limits.

  • Investing in tax-saving instruments like ELSS, PPF, and NSC simplifies tax liability reduction, offering attractive returns and tax benefits.

Section 80C Investments

Other Deductions:

  1. 80D - Medical insurance premium deductions

  2. 80EE - Home loan interest deductions for first-time buyers

  3. 24 - Interest deduction on housing loans up to Rs 2 lakh

  4. 80EEB - Interest deduction on electric vehicle loans

  5. 80G - Deductions for charitable donations

  6. 80GG - Rent deductions when HRA isn't applicable

  7. 80TTA - Deductions for savings account interest

  8. 54 and 54F - Capital gain exemptions on property sales.

HRA and Rent: A Tax-Saving Equation

HRA Allowance deduction

If you're renting a place to live and your job gives you House Rent Allowance (HRA), it can actually help you pay less in taxes.

The amount you can save through this depends on two things:

  1. How much House Rent Allowance (HRA) you receive as part of your salary, and

  2. The amount of rent you pay for your living space.

Strategically using HRA can significantly reduce your tax liability. By aligning your rent payments with your HRA and maintaining proper documentation, you can make a substantial portion of your income tax-free, leading to lower tax liabilities.

HRA Eligibility Test:

1. Actual rent

2. HRA actually received

3. 40% of Basic pay (50% in case of Metro cities)

Let's illustrate the HRA tax benefit through the following example:

Meet Mr. Ashok, an employee at Wipro, with an annual income of approximately Rs. 20 lakhs, broken down as follows:

  • Basic Pay: 15 lakhs

  • HRA: 5 lakhs

  • Additionally,he resides in a rented property in Mumbai, paying an annual rent of Rs. 6 lakhs.(Assumed Tax Rate : 30%)

Here's how the calculation works:

  1. HRA actually received: Rs. 5,00,000

  2. Actual Rent paid: Rs. 6,00,000

  3. 50% of basic pay (15,00,000 * 50% = Rs. 7,50,000)

In this scenario, Mr. Ashok can claim an HRA benefit of Rs. 5 lakhs, which is exempt from tax calculation, resulting in potential tax savings of up to Rs. 1,50,000.

Please note that since Mumbai is considered a metro city, the 50% calculation is applied.

It's essential to emphasize that rent payments must be substantiated with supporting documentation.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Is it possible for Mr. Ashok to qualify for a deduction while residing in his own villa and receiving HRA?

No, in this scenario, Mr. Ashok is not eligible for a deduction, and he is obligated to pay taxes on the HRA component.

What happens if Ashok rents out his owned property and resides in a rented one?

In such a situation, he can claim a deduction for the rent paid on the rented property, but he remains liable to pay taxes on the income generated from the owned property that he has let out.

Can Ashok make rent payments to his parents to avail HRA benefits?

Is it possible for Ashok to pay rent to his parents and benefit from HRA deductions?

Absolutely, individuals who reside with their parents can indeed claim an HRA deduction by paying rent. Nonetheless, there are specific conditions to consider. Firstly, the property must be owned by Ashok's parents; he cannot be a co-owner or owner to avail of this tax exemption. Secondly, it's crucial to establish a formal rent agreement with his parents and keep monthly rent receipts for proper documentation.

Conditions to Avail HRA Tax Exemption While Living at Parent's House:

  1. Ownership by Parents: The property should be owned by your parent(s), and you cannot be a co-owner or owner to claim HRA tax exemption.

  2. Formal Rent Agreement: Establish a rent agreement with your parent(s) who own the property to formalize the arrangement.

  3. Direct Payment: Rent payments should be made directly to your parent(s)' bank account or via cheques for proper documentation.

  4. Strong Documentation: Maintain strong proofs of rent payments, such as bank transfer records or cheques, to support the transaction.

Tax Implications and Benefits:

  1. Taxable Income for Parents: The rent paid to parents will be considered as 'income from house property' and included in their total income for tax purposes.

  2. Deductions for Parents: Your parents can deduct property taxes and claim a 30% standard deduction from the rental income.

  3. Potential Tax Savings: If your parents are in a lower tax bracket than you, this arrangement could lead to tax savings for your family.

  4. Higher Exemption Limits for Seniors: If your parents are aged 60 years or older, they may enjoy a higher minimum income exemption limit, providing additional tax benefits.

  5. Tax Savings for No Taxable Income: If your parents have no taxable income, significant tax savings can be achieved for your family.

  6. Remember to meticulously adhere to ownership, rent agreement, and documentation requirements to maximize the benefits of this arrangement

Strategic Health Insurance Investment

80D Medical Insurance Deduction

Section 80D allows deductions on health and medical insurance premiums for yourself, family, and parents. Deduction extent varies based on coverage, insured individuals' ages, and policy type.

1. Individual and Family Coverage:

  • Up to Rs. 25,000 for self, spouse, and dependent children.

  • Additional Rs. 25,000 for parents below 60 years.

2. Senior Citizen Parents:

  • Rs. 50,000 deduction for parents aged 60 or above.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can I avail benefits for medical bills?

Benefits for medical bills are generally available only for preventive checkups, both for yourself and your family.

Is it possible to claim expenses for parents?

Yes, you can claim expenses for your parents to the extent that you have valid bills and have made payments for them.

I have incurred significant medical expenses for my parents due to a specific condition. Can I make a claim for this?

Yes, you can make a claim for these expenses if the disease falls within the categories specified in the Income Tax Act and is eligible under Section 80DDB

Unlocking the Full Potential of Home Loan Interest Benefits

Home Loan Income Tax benefits

If you have a home loan, you can significantly reduce your tax liability by taking advantage of deductions on interest payments. Here's how it works:

  1. For self-occupied properties, you can claim deductions of up to Rs. 2 lakhs on interest payments.

  2. If you're a first-time homebuyer, you can enjoy an additional deduction of up to Rs. 1.5 lakh on home loan interest, boosting your tax savings.

In addition to these benefits, there are several other deductions available:

Principal Deduction (Section 80C):

You can claim up to Rs. 1.5 lakh as a deduction on the principal amount of your home loan. However, the property must not be sold within 5 years of possession.

Interest Deduction (Section 24b):

You can claim a maximum deduction of Rs. 2 lakh on interest payments. The loan must be for purchasing or constructing a house and completed within 5 years from the end of the financial year in which the loan was taken.

Additional Interest Deductions:

If your loan amount is Rs. 35 lakh or less, and the property's value is below Rs. 50 lakh, you may qualify for an extra deduction of Rs. 50,000 under Section 80EE. Similarly, under Section 80EEA, you could claim an additional deduction of up to Rs. 1.5 lakh if the stamp value of the property does not exceed Rs. 45 lakh.

Pre-Construction Interest:

Interest paid during the pre-construction period can also be claimed, capped at Rs. 2 lakh, spread over five equal instalments starting from the year construction is completed.

Joint Loan Benefits:

If the loan is taken jointly, each co-owner can claim deductions separately, based on ownership and loan repayment, which can enhance tax benefits.

It's crucial to note that eligibility criteria and conditions apply to these deductions. To maximize your home loan benefits and effectively reduce your tax liabilities, consider seeking professional guidance.

Furthermore, if you have let out your property, the interest payment for the loan can be deducted from the income generated from the property without any limit under Section 24b.

Smart Study, Smart Savings: Tax Benefits for Education Loans

80E Education Loan - Deduction

Section 80E allows you to deduct interest payments on education loans, including loans for your spouse, children, or wards. This deduction applies when the loan is from a bank or approved financial institution.

Deductions for Educational Expenses

You can claim up to Rs. 1.5 lakhs for tuition fees for your child's education, applicable to individual parents with a limit of two children per claim. The eligibility remains regardless of the child's grade level, but it must be full-time education at an Indian institution. If both parents are taxpayers, they can jointly claim deductions for up to 4 children under Section 80C.

Supporting Charities and Saving on Taxes

Contributions to recognized charities offer deductions under Section 80G. Ensure you have the necessary receipts and certificates for your charitable donations to claim these deductions.

80G Donation Income Tax

Political Contributions

Enjoy tax deductions by contributing to political parties registered under Section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951, and electoral trusts, thanks to Section 80GGC.

Advance Tax for Individuals: Don't Miss Out on Tax Savings

Many individual taxpayers often overlook potential tax-saving opportunities. It's highly advisable to have a professional assess your income tax before the end of the financial year in March and pay advance tax to avoid incurring interest charges.

For instance, an individual with an average income of Rs. 15 lakhs could end up owing approximately Rs. 8,900 in interest charges on their tax liability.


As we navigate the financial landscape of the new fiscal year, understanding and implementing effective tax-saving strategies can make a significant difference in your financial well-being. The key takeaway is that proactive tax planning is not only a financial responsibility but also an opportunity to optimize your resources.

By harnessing the power of deductions and exemptions, you can minimize your tax liabilities while making the most of your hard-earned money. From exploring the benefits of the old tax regime to strategically using House Rent Allowance (HRA) and leveraging education loan tax relief, these strategies empower you to take control of your financial future.

Remember that tax laws can change, so staying informed is crucial. Seek professional guidance to ensure your financial plans and tax strategies remain up-to-date and effective. Collaborating with financial experts or tax professionals can help you create a personalized plan that aligns with your financial goals.

Taxmarket - Praveza Consultancy Private Limited

Don't wait until the last minute to consider your tax options. Start planning today. By taking these proactive steps, you can enjoy the benefits of optimized tax planning and secure a more financially stable future.



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